The Ultimate Guide To Dermatology

Skin is the largest organ of the human body and comprises 16% of the total weight of body. Having healthy skin is a sign of having a healthy body. Our skin is exposed to harsh conditions every day. Skin is exposed to dust, pollution and intense sunlight during summers and dry, cold conditions in winter. Apart from skin, our hair and nails are also affected. Thanks to dermatologists that we can maintain our skin properly. To understand the role of dermatologists, it is necessary that you know all about dermatology.

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What is Dermatology?

Dermatology is the medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis of skin diseases and problems. A physician who specializes in the treatment of such conditions is called a dermatologist. Dermatology focuses all problems related to skin, nails, hair and mucous membrane.

If you are suffering from any skin problems, then you must consult a dermatologist. They will treat all conditions affecting skin, hair, nails, mucous membrane and genital skin in both adults and children.

Many clinics have dermatologist for emergency treatments or surgeries. Dermatologists at Harley Street, London aim to provide best treatments for all skin related problem.

Most common skin related problems

  • Acne
  • Birthmarks
  • Rashes due to severe allergic reactions
  • Hives
  • Urticaria
  • Moles
  • Warts
  • Psoriasis
  • Rosacea
  • Skin tags and much more


  • Yeast infections
  • Fungal infection like ringworm
  • Bacterial infections like Impetigo and cellulitis
  • Parasitic infections like lice, scabies
  • Viral infections like warts, herpes
  • Many topical infections

    Hair and scalp related problems

  • Alopecia
  • Dandruff
  • Eczema
  • Hair loss
  • Psoriasis
  • Folliculitis

    Nail related problems

  • Lichen planus
  • Fungal nail infections

    Sun damage

  • Sun spots
  • Freckles
  • Liver spots
  • Melasma
  • Skin cancers

    Cosmetic treatments

  • Acne scar removal
  • Mole removal
  • Skin tags
  • Wart removal
  • Botox
  • Rhinoplasty
  • Laser treatments

    How to become a dermatologist

    It takes lot of efforts and intense studies to become a certified dermatologist. It requires many years of education and a person must complete the following to become a dermatologist.

    1. Acquire Bachelor’s degree from college
    2. Become a medical doctor from medical school
    3. 1-year internship
    4. Dermatology residency program for at least 3 years.

    While undergoing internship, a doctor is called as an intern. Internship has to be done in hospitals or clinics. For dermatology residency program, applicants face fierce competition. A dermatology resident:

  • Sees patients
  • Learn how to do correct diagnosis
  • Give proper treatment
  • Receives hands on experience on surgical training.

    After successfully completing an accredited dermatology residency program, a dermatologist can take board exams. A dermatologist can do specialization in any sub branches as given below.

    Cosmetic dermatology

    It deals with cosmetic surgeries like Botox, laser treatments, liposuction, face-lifts, fillers etc. This branch has huge scope.


    Dermopathologist is one who specializes in pathology of skin. The course structure includes six months of dermatology training and six months of pathology training.


    It involves treatment of immune related diseases like systemic erythromatosus lupus, vulgaris and many more.

    Mohs surgery

    This dermatology branch is named after Dr. Frederic Mohs. It involves excision of skin cancers using tissue-sparing technique.

    Pediatric dermatology

    This field includes complex diseases of neonates and any other complications of children.

    Author Bio

    Daniel, the author of this post is a dermatologist at Harley Street, London. Apart from his profession, he likes to provide tips and techniques through his posts. Here he is giving information about dermatology and role of dermatologist.

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